A Fluent Interpretation of the Wise Words  Of Imam Ali (a.s) in Nahjul-Balaghah  Wise Word No. 2

Wise Word No. 1
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 Wise Word No. 2

Blaming  of Some unpleasant Traits

The Arabic text of Wise Word No. 2

And Ali (AS) said: Azri with his soul from the poetry of greed, and he was satisfied with the humiliation of the discovery of his wound, and he had it on him.

Translation of the wise word No. 2 (Hikmah No. 2):

Imam Ali (a.s)said,” He who makes greed his way of life he will humiliate himself, and he who reveals his troubles he will succumb to humiliation, and he who makes his tongue his ruler he will  become humiliated”

Key words:

اَزْرى:He humiliated

اِسْتَشْعَرَ:  He did something as his usual way

ذُلّ: Humiliation


أَمَّرَ:take control of him Somebody who let someone or something

هانَتْ:being insulted ,being humiliated

 Abstract of the   wise word No. 2:

‌ In this brilliant   wise word, Imam Ali (as) expressed the consequences and evil effects of three moral vices. The first is that whoever uses greed in his own way of life has humiliated himself (unlike as if he finds   contentment in living a simple life, he has made himself respected). Also, whoever opens his heart to anyone and says all secrets of his life to others, has satisfied his humiliation, and whoever  makes  his tongue the master of his and lets his tongue take control of him  , that is, everything  without thinking and reasoning is  said on his tongue, this person  has humiliated himself ,too.

Therefore, greed, revealing the secrets of life and mastering the tongue and permitting   the tongue take control of him are three unpleasant deeds and traits  that cause humiliation of the man.


1-A greedy person  is despicable both in the eyes of others and  himself; because the one who is not satisfied with what he has, feels the need more; Hence, he covets what is in the hands of others and is forced to strain and express needs in front of people. As a result, his self-esteem and dignity are diminished and he becomes humiliated in the eyes of other people as well as his conscience.

2- Man is aware of his troubles and anxieties, but if he reveals his troubles and problems in his own words or   behavior, indeed he has helped his humiliation, because by declaring his troubles, while showing his humiliation, he shows that he has failed in his  life.

3-Basically, expressing troubles and difficulties is reprehensible; Because this means complaining about God to His servants, and this is not compatible with the creed of servitude


Raising problems for those who have no ability to solve it for us will have no effect other than humiliation and shame. In such cases, we must be restrained and not open our mouths to talk about our problems and difficulties in our life and  complain about our own situation and problems.

2-Any Speech that is uttered without attention and thought, in many cases, causes dangers that man can not compensate; We conclude from the words of Imam Ali (as) that the human soul is so great that it should not be caught and captured by a piece of flesh called “the tongue” to destroy and devastate himself  by expressing ill-considered and thoughtless words; It is obvious that the wise man should match  his tongue to his intellect  and reason  , not  to match his intellect  and reason  to his tongue, the intellect  and reason  are the  source of happiness and the tongue can be  a cause of humiliation.

  1. One who seeks honor should refrain from greed and covetousness for the property of others.


It is   a   painful    humiliation  for anyone

To complain about difficulties with everyone


Now you can answer the following questions:

  1. What is the negative effects of greed and expressing our troubles and difficulties to other  people?
  2. Why is it disgusting to express our troubles and problems to other people?
  3. What should one do if he does not want his tongue not to be dominant on him and not to take the control of him ?

A Fluent Interpretation Of  The Wise Words  Of Imam Ali (A.S) In Nahjul-Balaghah